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总结德三航空兵对两艘英国装甲航母的攻击

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1楼2018-07-18 21:23
    首先是光卓越号航母


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    2楼2018-07-18 21:25
      事情经过
      H.M.S. ILLUSTRIOUS sustained bomb damage in the Mediterranean and after temporary repairs at Malta and Alexandria, proceeded to Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth Va. U.S.A.
      The following account is an extract from the very full damage report prepared at the request of D.N.C. by the Manager of the Norfolk Navy Yard:-
      At 1007 on January 10th 1941, ILLUSTRIOUS was in company with WARSPITE (Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean) and VALIANT, in position 30° 14' N - 12° 37' J, course 220, speed 18 knots.(注意:卓越号航母是和厌战号和刚勇号结伴而行的)
      At 1120 an enemy aircraft was picked up by R.D.F. at 28 miles and the Fulmars were directed towards it. Red section made contact and found the enemy to be a single 379 at 12000' and shot it down at 1125.
      11点20分开始,一架敌机被察觉,11点25分被击落


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      3楼2018-07-18 21:27
        First Attack – Torpedo Aircraft(第一波攻击-鱼雷(机载)攻击)
        At about 1220 unidentified aircraft were detected by R.D.F., distance six miles, coming in low and the fighters were directed towards them. The aircraft were sighted at 1222 and identified as two S79s making a torpedo attack. Long range and “pon-pon” fire was opened but the aircraft completed their attack and dropped their torpedoes about 2500 yards on the starboard beam of the ship. Avoiding action was taken by altering course to port and both torpedoes passed astern. Red Section of Fulmars (now only 2) attacked the enemy during their getaway and estimated that both aircraft were damaged; these two Fulmars expended all their ammunition and reported to this effect by R/T. White Section were unable to catch the S79s before they reached Linosa Island.
        At 1228 course was altered to 060° and station regained on WARSPITE. Course was altered to 110° and speed increased to 18 knots.
        12点20分,被两架SM79用鱼雷攻击,12点28分航向改变。意大利人雷击失败


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        4楼2018-07-18 21:31
          这个网站的吧
          http://www.armouredcarriers.com/


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          5楼2018-07-18 21:36
            Second Attack - Dive Bombing.(第二波-俯冲轰炸)
            At about 1225 a large group was detected by D/F at 28 miles approaching from the north. The situation at this time was that there were four Fulmars in the air but low down and some distance from the fleet; two had expended their ammunition and the other two had expended about half. In accordance with the signalled flying programme, relief fighters and A/S patrols were due to be flown off at 1230, those in the air landed at 1245 to give an overlap. Immediately the large group was reported, the Fighter Directing Officer ordered the Fulmars in the air to return over the fleet and climb; he also asked that the reliefs should be flown off as quickly as possible.
            The sequence of events in the next few minutes was as follows:
            1234 _ Commander-in-Chief ordered alteration of course to 210° to fly off aircraft (3 Swordfish and 4 Fulmars).
            1235 - Large formation sighted on the starboard quarter.
            1236 - Opened fire. 1237 - Last aircraft off deck.
            1238 - Course altered to 1100 and loose formation ordered.
            1239 - The dive boMbing attack developed and hits scored on the ship
            Tactics of Attacking Aircraft.
            The attacking aircraft consisted of two formations of Junkers 87 with German markings. It was difficult to count the numbers exactly but the first formation consisted of fifteen and the second of twenty to thirty aircraft. They were in a very loose and flexible formation, constantly changing their relative positions and split when engaged by long range fire It is estimated that the dive was started at about 12,000 feet and checked at 6000 to 800C feet before going into the aiming dive. Bomb release varied from about 1,500 feet in the first wave to 800 feet in the later ones. Most aircraft continued to dive after releasing their bombs and flattened out low over the water, having crossed the flight deck. At least one air-craft machine gunned the ship, The majority of the aircraft attack-ed the ship.
            Most of the bombs dropped were large S.A.P. bombs of about 500 Kg. (1100 lb.) but some smaller bombs (either direct action or with very short delay) may have been used as the damage from certain hits was appreciably less than others.
            See annotation attached to Page 2
            There was a delay of a minute in opening fire as aircraft were actually being flown off when the target was sighted. Long range controlled fire and barrage fire was used by the 4,5" guns and porn-porn fire. Continuous alteration of course was made as avoiding action. One or two enemy aircraft were shot down by gun fire.
            12点35分,一大堆斯图卡俯冲了下来进行投弹,绝大多数使用的都是500kg的SAP(半穿甲弹)
            12点39分·取得命中


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            6楼2018-07-18 21:36


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              7楼2018-07-18 21:37
                There were six hits and several near-misses in this attack. The probable sequence of hits with estimatedsize of bombs is as follows :-
                总共6发直接命中,7发近失
                Hit No. 1: - Probably 500 Kg. (1100 lb.). Went through leading platform of P-1 Pom-pom and struck the top of the side armour.
                Hit No, 2: Probably 500 Kg. (1100 lb.). Went through the flight deck forward on the port side.
                第二发,直接从击穿飞行甲板
                Hit No. 3: - Probably a smaller G.P. Lomb. Burst on S-2 Pom-pom.
                Hit Nr. 4: - About 250 Kg. (550 lb.) Hit the after deck.
                第四发,命中甲板的后方区域
                Hit No. 5: - 250 Kg, (550 lb.) or 500 Kg. (1100 ib.) Hit the star-board forward corner of the after lift well.
                Hit No. 6: -001Kg. (gi00 lb.) Pierced the fight deck and burst on hangar deck.
                第六发击穿飞行甲板后在停机甲板上爆炸
                Original type-written 500kg (1100lb) over-written in handwriting with 1000kg (2200lbs)
                In addition to these six hits there were at least three very near misses.
                除了这6发命中外,还有三发非常靠近航母的近失弹(足矣造成损害)
                When this very severe and brilliantly executed D/B attack was over, the ship was on fire fore and aft and the flight deck was wrecked. It was decided to head for Malt,.. The JAGUAR and HASTY were sent as screen. As the steam steering gear had been affected by this second attack, there was difficulty in checking the ship swinging, but the electric steering gear was not entirely out of。 After examination of all available data it is considered that the size of the bomb which caused the hole in the flight deck was 1,000Kg, not 1,000 lb. (英国人意识到,原来的一发“1000磅”中的炸弹其实是1吨重的航空炸弹(PC1000)。


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                8楼2018-07-18 21:45
                  Bomb Damage
                  10th – 19th Jan. 1941.
                  (Ref. D.N.C. 4B/R.92)
                  After examination of all available data it is considered that the size of the bomb which caused the hole in the flight deck was 1,000Kg., not 1,000 lb.
                  Paragraph 5, page 2 of the above report should therefore be amended to read as follows: -
                  Hit No. 6 : - 1,000 Kg. (2200 lb.) Pierced the flight deck and burst on hangar deck.

                  At about 1255 the electric steering gear failed completely as did the rudder indicator from the rudder head. The 'Not Under Control' signal was hoisted and the ship's swing checked with the engines. By 1303 the ship was again under control from the steam steering gear in the centre engine room and a course of 1000 was set, speed being worked up to 26 knots by 1313.


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                  11楼2018-07-18 21:48
                    Third Attack - High Level Bombing.(第三波 高空轰炸)
                    At 1329 seven aircraft approached at 14,000 feet and were reported by VALIANT (ILLUSTRIOUS' R.D.F. was put out of action in the previous attack). This formation was sighted and engaged well before bomb release; aim was inaccurate and the bombs fell scattered. There were no hits but the steam steering gear failed at this time and the ship was out of control and turning in circles. 'A' and 'B' gun groups only fired, 'X' and 'Y' groups being out of action.
                    Speed was reduced to twenty-one knots by 1.338 and fifteen knots by 1345 and at 1548 the ship was again under control from the steam steering engine. Course was set for Malta (now seventy-four miles distant) and speed increased to twenty knots, but at 1350 she was again out of control and began to swing rapidly to port. Speed was reduced accordingly. Further efforts were made to continue using the rudder but they were unsuccessful; then the rudder was put amidship. By 1434 the ship was under control steering by the engines and was 'leaded for Malta, speed being gradually increased. The ship was steered by the engines from this time on.


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                    12楼2018-07-18 21:50
                      Fourth Attack - Dive Bombing.(第四波 俯冲轰炸)
                      At 1604 another group of aircraft was reported by VALIANT to be closing. It was sighted.at long range at 1609 and consisted of about fifteen JU87s escorted by five fighters. They were engaged by the forward 4.5" guns with controlled and barrage fire and later by five pom-poms. This attack was neither so well synchronized nor so determined as that at 1240. The first wave of about six aircraft attacked from astern and both quarters and were well engaged, fire being continuous in spite of difficulty of seeing targets to port owing to the smoke and haze from the fire in hangar. Only two bombs fell near the ship. Three aircraft carried out an attack from the starboard beam at least a minute after the first wave. The last aircraft pressed his attack well home and scored a near miss abreast the funnel. The remaining six aircraft were seen retiring to the northeast at a considerable height, and two attempted an attack through clouds on the port beam, but on being engaged made off without dropping their bombs.
                      Nine bombs were dropped, one (size not known) hit the after lift causing casualties among those tending wounded and putting out fires. There were two very near misses, one starboard side abreast the island and one close to the quarter deck which caused damage aft and killed a number of wounded and those tending them on the quarter .deck.
                      Avoiding action was taken by altering course. There were no Fulmars present during this attack but there may have been some Hurricanes. The early sighting of this and subsequent formations was due to the prompt receipt (on auxiliary wave) of VALIANT's R.D.F. reports.
                      At 1643 the ship was in position 224°, Gozo Lt. 12 miles; steering 125° for the end of the Swept Channel and making good seventeen to eighteen knots. A list of about 5° to starboard had developed, Chiefly due to the amount of water in the hangar and in the wardroom flat. This water came from the hangar sprays and hoses and could not run away as the scuppers were blocked with debris.
                      共15架JU87和5架护航战斗机。
                      9发炸弹被投下,一发命中,两发非常近距离近失去。
                      英国报告中提到卓越号航母甲板上燃烧的黑烟阻挡了敌方飞行员的视线。


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                      13楼2018-07-18 21:57
                        Fifth Attack - High Level and Dive Bombing. (第五波-高空轰炸+俯冲攻击)
                        At 1656 VALIANT reported enemy aircraft at fifty-two miles, closing. Seventeen aircraft were sighted at 1710 outside gun range. They circled astern of ship and worked up into the sun from her but then attacked the Battle Fleet with high level and dive bombing.
                        At 1803 the ship reached the entrance to the Swept Channel. Tugs had been requested to meet the ship there but as there were only two A/S vessels to be seen, the ship was continued up the channel still steering by main engines and gradually reducing speed. Sunset was at 1808.
                        Sixth Attack - Torpedo Aircraft.(第六波-鱼雷袭击)
                        Malta reported by A/T that enemy aircraft were on the star-board bow. A blind barrage from 4.5" guns and pom-poms was fired. No torpedo tracks were seen and nothing more was seen or heard of the aircraft.
                        At 1930 HASTY on the starboard beam, reported that she was investigating a contact and shortly afterwards fired depth charges.
                        At 1935 the ship was turned to port for the harbour entrance which was closed at slow speed waiting for the tugs. At 2025 a tug was secured aft and then two tugs were secured forward, the ship being about three-quarters of a mile from the Grand Harbour entrance.
                        The ship passed St. Elmo Breakwater Light at 2104 and berthed starboard side to Pariatorio Wharf at 2215.
                        The fires aft were finally extinguished by,0300/11.
                        可以看到,报告中所谓的5,6波袭击最终的没有发生。


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                        14楼2018-07-18 22:00
                          该楼层疑似违规已被系统折叠 查看此楼


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                          15楼2018-07-18 22:03
                            在随后的袭击中
                            In "A!' hangar there was a great deal of smoke but no visible fires and the sprayers were working. A party was trying to close the armour doors (No.1 fire curtain having been blown away), but was unable to get them more than half closed awing to the distortion qf the deck.
                            From this time onwards, frequent sorties were made by small parties into the hangar to find out what was going on and put out fires. On each occasion something was accomplished before the party was forced to go out for fresh air. All four Fulmars were burning fiercely, as were the overhead stores, which were difficult to put out, but "A" and "B" hangars were not burnt, presumably because there was a good space between them and the two foremost Fulmars. It was later discovered that the sprayer ring main in "C" hangar was pierced and the sprayers were therefore not working properly, if at all.
                            In the second dive bombing attack at 1615, there was another hit in the after lift well causing further casualties among those dealing with the damage and fires from the previous hit.
                            A great deal of water collected in the hangar from the sprayers and hoses, the scuppers being blocked by wreckage. This water and that in the flat below (much of which ran down from the hangar) gave the ship a considerable list to starboard and could not be got rid of except by making a hole in the starboard after exhaust fan trunking in the side of the hangar to allow the water to run out.
                            The fires in the overhead stores were finally extinguished at 0200/11.
                            Damage to aircraft was as follows:- (1) Four Fulmars burnt out; (2) Five Swordfish written off and (3) Four Swordfish repairable.
                            Of the six torpedoes, one warhead was hit by a splinter causing a gash eight inches long and about two inches deep. Another warhead was dented, one balance chamber was hit by a splinter and all the air escaped. All other torpedoes retained full air charge and were un-damaged apart from minor things. Some of the .303 ammunition went off, but no bombs exploded.
                            因为C区域的火灾,5架箭鱼和4架海鸥战斗机损毁,4架剑鱼可修复


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                            16楼2018-07-18 22:06


                              At about 1700 the doors at 121 station leading to the ward-room flat were opened and the after flats and spaces were then gradually rigged with illuminating circuits fed from a fuse board in each flat.第二发近失造成的损伤


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                              18楼2018-07-18 22:12
                                补图


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                                19楼2018-07-18 22:15
                                  Air Raids.
                                  Up to noon on January 16th there were many intermittent alarms. There was one on Monday the 13th at 0930 by nine or twelve planes, believed to have been Italians, and some damage was done to civilian property.
                                  At about 1440 and 1610 on Thursday the 16th, two large scale dive bombing attacks developed on the ship and on the Dockyard and many bombs were dropped. The ship was hit once, the bomb hit the after end of the flight deck.
                                  There were more air raid; on the 17th and 18th but no damage was done.
                                  On Sunday the 19th, heavy dive bombing attacks were made on the ship at about 1015 and again at about 1310. In the first attack there were several very near misses, but the second attack was notice-ably less determined, bombs being dropped wide. In the attacks on this day the enemy lost 19 certain, 3 probable, and 4 damaged, of which 8 were attributed to gun fire. During all raids at Malta a heavy 45" and porn-porn barrage was fired by the ship.
                                  PAGE 13
                                  A near miss on Sunday the 19th on port side, lifted the ship and evidently pierced the hull below the water line as she rapidly took a considerable list to port.
                                  During the next three days the work of strengthening the after part of the ship continued. By Thursday the 23rd the ship was ready for sea.
                                  No movements of tugs were made until it was considered to be too dark for any reconnaissance aircraft to see them.. . The ship slipped from Parlatorio Wharf at 1846 and passed St. Elmo at 1939 when speed was increased to ten knots and paravanes streamed. Speed was increased to twenty-five knots by 2019. At 2110 the ship was clear of the Swept Channel and course was set to pass to the southward of the Medina Banks, and then in accordance with orders from the operations.
                                  Every effort had been made before sailing to ascertain which fuel oil tanks had been damaged and to isolate them. But by 0200, the 24th, it became clear than many tanks were contaminated with sea water or that there was a bad leak in the suction lines. 13y 0800 at which time there was barely enough uncontaminated fuel oil for three hours steaming the trouble was found to be due to the latter cause and during the forenoon steady progress was made in clearing water from contaminated tanks and in isolating the damaged lines. As a result of this water being in the fuel oil the ship was making considerable smoke screen at day light and speed was reduced to twenty-one knots. During the course of the forenoon speed was increased to twenty-three knots and this speed vas maintained until arrival at Alexandria.
                                  The ship entered Alexandria harbour at 1300 the 25th of January with only sixty tons of fuel oil remaining.


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                                  20楼2018-07-18 22:15
                                    因为百度卡了,所以简要说明下主要损害

                                    第五发250 or 500 Kg炸弹 Hit the starboard corner of the after lift well. It was not possible to discriminate between damage caused by these two hits. The entire after part of the ship from 152 to 156 frames was completely gutted down to the armour above the steering compartment. This armour remained practically intact. Apart from splinter holes the ship's side aft was undamaged. Damage was caused to the steering gear. The rudder jammed with port wheel on, and the ship circled for some time. The wheel was centred by means of the steam steering engine.造成转向舵堵塞,航母原地转圈。


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                                    21楼2018-07-18 22:20
                                      多年前在战列舰吧看过


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                                      来自Android客户端22楼2018-07-18 22:24
                                        No.6 500 Kg Struck and perforated the flight deck (3" N,C. armour) at about 131 station and 1 ft to port of the centre line. The hole in the armour was 19" in diameter with petalled leaves turned down-wards. The armour appeared to be laminated. It is judged that the bomb only just defeated the armour. There was no general dishing of the armour and the joints were not seriously distorted The bomb detonated about 2 ft. above the hangar deck; its base struck and - perforated the armour deck at about 130 station 2' to starboard of the centre line. The explosion of the bomb dished the hangar deck between 128 and 132 stations, with a hole about 4 or 5 ft, wide, symmetrically about the centre line and between 130 and 131 stations. Below this the upper-deck-was forced down about 4". This distortion of the hangar and upper decks caused jumping of the hoists in B group and damage to the conveyor trays and this seriously impeded ammunition supply. Although the conveyor trays were full of ammunition only one round exploded.
                                        Some splinters from this bomb or debris from ship's structure passed down through the main deck into some oil fuel tanks beneath.
                                        The blast damage in the hangar was considerable. The after lift was distorted so that its forward end was 4 ft, down and its after end 4 ft. up (This damage may have been caused by a German aircraft which crashed into the after lift), The blast also distorted the forward lift so that at the centre line it was pushed up 1" to 4"
                                        第六法500kg重航空炸弹直接击穿了75mm厚的飞行甲板,并在停机甲板的上方爆炸。所幸停机甲板里的燃料和弹药中只有一枚炸弹被引爆。(同条件下,如果换成中途岛的赤城,加贺的话就凶多吉少了)


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                                        23楼2018-07-18 22:24


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                                          24楼2018-07-18 22:25
                                            综合来看,虽然在多次空袭中卓越号被命中多发,但是正真可以形成致命伤的却并不算非常多。
                                            第五发250/500kg重的航弹造成了机舵舱损毁,转向舵堵塞,造成航母原地转向。
                                            第六发500kg航弹击穿了飞行甲板进入满载弹药的机库上方爆炸,这一击十分凶险(Although the conveyor trays were full of ammunition only one round exploded.),如果发生大规模的弹药殉爆,后果将不堪设想。
                                            此外,第二发近失弹也损毁了航母水线以下的位置。

                                            几乎每次空袭首先都被英国人发现,而且友舰的防空炮火也给予可卓越号的幸存提供了不可缺少的条件。
                                            除了第二波空袭非常优秀以外,本人认为其他空袭行动都难称优秀,然而这也是友舰的防空炮火和英国人的提前发现空袭并作出回应的举动有很大关系。


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                                            25楼2018-07-18 22:37
                                              “492. H.M.S. ILLUSTRIOUS was attacked at 1240 by about 25 dive bombers, by high level bombers at 1330 and again by 15 dive bombers at 1610 and by torpedo aircraft at 1920 and received six bomb hits and several near misses from heavy bombs estimated about one thousand pounds. Five bombers were JU. 87 with German markings. Armoured flight deck was pierced and several fires in forward section of hangar deck and officers quarters burnt out. Fire not finally extinguished until 0200. All fire control circuits in after group cut and conveyor hit. One pom pom destroyed. Both forward groups and five pom poms still in action. After lift wrecked and machinery out of action. Forward lift seriously damaged. Ship flooded abaft 136 bulkhead, probably some underwater damage. Ship is useless as a carrier until major refit has been carried out. Main machinery undamaged. Steering gear was put out of action and ship brought into Malta steering by engines. Casualties 83 killed 60 seriously wounded 40 light wounds approximately including several officers.”- HMS ILLUSTRIOUS damage overview
                                              从英文人的官方文件中的描述,虽然卓越号没有被击沉,但是在被主要修复之前也基本丧失了战斗力(注意useless这个用词),此外在近失弹也造成了部分严重进水。


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                                              26楼2018-07-18 22:45
                                                下面是可畏号航母的损失报告

                                                H.M.S. FORMIDABLE, when operating in the Mediterranean on the 26th May, 1941, was attacked by several JU. 87 dive bombers. Bombs, thought to be 1,000 Kgm. S.A.P. type, fuzed delay action, were released from about 500 feet in dive attacks. Two bombs made direct hits, one at 21.5 station, starboard side and the other abreast ‘X’. 1. (starboard) 5.25in mounting at 155 station. The vessel continued to steam at 18– 20 knots and to operate aircraft.


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                                                27楼2018-07-18 22:49
                                                  Report by Director of Naval Construction
                                                  15 August 1942
                                                  Bomb damage to HMS Formidable,
                                                  26 May 1941
                                                  Bomb Hit No. 1
                                                  ... This bomb pierced the Flight Deck (25 lbs.) at 21/ - station 10 ft. from the starboard side making a hole 21in diameter, perforated the Upper Gallery Deck (14 lbs. and beam 3.5 x 7in x 13.7lbs. T bar), glanced off the top edge of the starboard after bollard on the Lower Gallery Deck, perforated this deck (2.5in Borneo whitewood on 10 lbs. plate) and the Hangar Deck (14 lbs.) and exploded against 17 bulkhead between the Hangar and Upper Decks. The trajectory of the bomb before impact was forward and to port at about 25 degrees to the middle line and descending at 55 degrees to the horizontal. The distance of travel from point of first impact to point of burst was about 32– 35 ft. The detonation of the bomb was complete.
                                                  Bomb Hit No. 2
                                                  ... This bomb struck and perforated the top of ‘X’ Gun Bay, starboard, (12 lbs.) just outboard of ‘X’ 1 turret at about 155 station, grazed and dished the side of ‘X’ 1 turret revolving structure, perforated the deck of ‘X’ Gun Bay (12 lbs.) and the ship’s side (Sponson plating 14 lbs.) at the boundary of the Lower Gallery Deck in the Senior Officers Bathroom and burst below the water between 156– 157 stations about 18ft. from the ship’s side. The distance from point of first contact to point of burst was about 40 ft.


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                                                  28楼2018-07-18 22:51
                                                    Hit No. 1 1000kg (2200lb)
                                                    The bomb which penetrated the forward flight deck about 10ft from the starboard side at 21.5 station left an entry hold of about 21inches diameter.
                                                    It had been dropped from 25 degrees to the forward centreline and plunged downward at a 55 degree angle.
                                                    The weapon passed through the 25lb Flight Deck, 14lb Upper Gallery Deck, 2.5in timber deck and 10lb plate on the Lower Gallery Deck, 14lb Hangar Deck and through to the 17 Bulkhead between the Hangar and Upper Decks.
                                                    The total distance travelled between impact and burst at No. 16 station was some 35ft.
                                                    Splinter holes were found up to 48ft from the estimated detonation point.
                                                    British and US Navy engineers judged it to have been a 1000kg (2200lb) Semi-Armour Piercing bomb.
                                                    Forward section damage
                                                    The explosion of the 1000kg (2200lb) bomb forced outward Formidable’s starboard side plating between 11 and 24 bulkheads, extending from the Upper Deck and Lower Gallery Deck, and in parts down to almost Main Deck level. Large pieces of steel plate curled upwards and outwards.
                                                    The concussion had passed through the ship and blown out a portion of the port side plating at Hangar Deck level between 13 and 16 frames.
                                                    Major longitudinal frames between 11 and 24 bulkhead were destroyed on the starboard side on the Upper Deck and Lower Gallery Deck. Similar frames were destroyed between 12 and 21 stations on the Main and Upper Deck.
                                                    Several structural beams and T-bars were buckled and twisted under the Hangar Deck and Lower Gallery Deck. Stiffeners throughout the forward spaces were twisted, buckled and broken.
                                                    Bulkheads 11, 16 and 24 were holed and distorted, with watertight doors wrenched from their frames.
                                                    The damage tore apart the Paint Shop, crew’s toilets and Capstan Machinery compartment. The Stoker’s Upper Mess Deck had its deck dished, but the space was not penetrated.
                                                    The Decontamination Store had its bulkheads pierce and bulged, and the Paint Store was flooded. The Cable Locker Flat was partly flooded with distorted bulkheads, as were the Cable Lockers and Canvas Store.
                                                    The Hangar Deck’s FAA aircraft workshops and offices were completely wrecked by splinters. The watertight doors to the workshops were buckled and jammed.


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                                                    30楼2018-07-18 22:54
                                                      Forward Lift: The blast distorted the forward side of the forward lift counter-weight trunks, buckling them inwards and bending the lift guides. The Hangar Deck beneath the lift was buckled upwards, preventing the lift platform from being lowered below 9inches above the deck level.
                                                      Accelerator: The structural distortion of the whole bow area extended to the assisted take-off mechanism. The single-track trolley guide and deck beneath the device had been distorted by upward dishing in the area of the windscreens.
                                                      Fire damage: A major fire ignited in the Aircraft Stripping Shop – most likely due to the paraffin used in the engine bathing tanks. Small fires started in most spaces, mostly in the woodwork.
                                                      All fires were quickly contained by damage control teams and extinguished within 15 minutes.
                                                      Flooding: The bulkhead at 37 station between the Main and Upper Decks was shored up by damage control teams as there was fears the Stoker’s Lower Mess Deck could become badly flooded. The largest hole in the starboard-forward corner of the mess deck was plugged with hammocks and shores.
                                                      The wrecked condition of the remaining forward sections prevented any efforts to drain flooded compartments until Formidable reached harbour.
                                                      Despite having her side blown out and severe structural damage forward, Formidable was able to maintain speeds of 18 to 20 knots in order to operate aircraft.
                                                      The weather was good and the sea calm. If the weather had been even slightly more severe, engineers estimated the waves would have fully flooded the forward spaces up to 37 bulkhead. and placed the weakened bow structure under increased strain.
                                                      As it was, the weakened structure was judged to be so severe as to only allow use of the forward lift and 4.5in gun groups in an emergency.


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                                                      31楼2018-07-18 22:54
                                                        Armament: “A” and “B” group guns had continued to fire after the explosion occurred, their crews and mechanisms being largely unaffected by the blast and white-hot splinters. However, fire control cables from the Transmitting Station had been severed, as had control cables for pumps. The loss of power to “A1” turret put the mount out of action for a short time until emergency power leads were run from live lines. The forward ammunition conveyor belts continued to operate during the action but were judged unserviceable after reaching harbor because of weakened structural supports. The hoists between the Upper Deck to the Gun Bays were also temporarily affected by smoke and a loss of power.
                                                        Captain Bissett would report:
                                                        The damage control organisation worked well and it is satisfactory to note that all the armament with the exception of X. 1 turret which was jambed [sic], was in action very shortly after the ship was hit. ‘A’ group did particularly well under very trying conditions from the heat and smoke of the fire.
                                                        The detonation also had ripped away the degaussing cable and all electrical leads and voice-pipes forward of 24 bulkhead.


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                                                        32楼2018-07-18 22:55
                                                          Hit No. 2, 1000kg (2200lb)
                                                          HMS Formidable’s War Damage Report asserts that this glancing-blow was also believed to have been from a 1000kg (2200lb) Semi Armour Piercing bomb.
                                                          No measurement of the initial deck penetration diameter was recorded in the formal report. However, a photograph of the hole in the bracket above the gun deck for X1 4.5in gun turret shows the extent of its size.
                                                          The bomb was believed to have been dropped from about 500ft in a dive-bombing attack.
                                                          It clipped the side of “X1” gun turret at 155 station, just outboard of the turret wall on the revolving mechanism.
                                                          The bomb passed through the 12.5lb gun embrasure, through the empty compartment beneath the 12.5lb gun house and out of the ship through the 14lb sponson – bursting under water some 40ft from the ship’s side adjacent 156 and 157 stations.
                                                          The bomb had travelled some 40ft after its fuze had been initiated.
                                                          The limited below-water blast damage from this bomb supports the argument that it was a SAP weapon. These generally have less near-miss effect than General Purpose or Blast variants.


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                                                          33楼2018-07-18 22:56
                                                            AFT HIT DAMAGE
                                                            The dishing and buckling caused by the1000kg (2200lb) bomb’s passage through the ship prevented “X1” 4.5in turret from training. One 4.5in barrel was damaged and the fuse-setting machine wiring and other local wiring was severed. The turret was effectively out of action.
                                                            “X2” turret also was disabled for almost an hour. An electrical defect was located and repaired, bringing the turret back to full operation.
                                                            The underwater blast bulged the ship’s 30lb side plating between 148 and 163 stations, bursting some rivets and seams to initiate slow flooding. Several scuttles and deadlights were broken and the ship’s side plating pushed in up to the Lower Gallery Deck in the Senior Officer’s bathroom.
                                                            Flooding was contained to the Captain’s Store, Steering Gear Store, Palm compartment, Gland compartment and several watertight compartments.
                                                            Later it was discovered the starboard propeller’s “A” frame had been fractured at the boss.


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                                                            34楼2018-07-18 22:57