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取消分科还不一定..又让我看到了希望..

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考指挥棒不变 取消文理分科白搭

日期:2009-02-10 作者:姜澎 来源:文汇报
“取消文理分科,那我们现在的题海不是要蔓延得更大了吗?难道让所有高中生都要变成亚健康人群吗?”“中学就是打基础的阶段,文理分科培养出来的都是只会用一只手一只脚的人,不是在知识上‘健全’的人”……教育部于2月6日公布了“20个教育重大关键问题”清单问计于民,其中第六条就是“是否取消高中文理分科”。正逢中小学校新学期开学,这个话题一出现,立即成为学校师生和家长热议的话题。

本报从去年10月开始,曾先后以《高中分班应慎选文科》、《文科班不是“理差班”》、《文理分科为何受到抨击》、《高中文理分流导致思维“偏科”?》为题刊发关于文理分科的报道,当时就引起了社会一片热议。记者发现,教育部此番刚表态要征求意见,各大网站就相继推出了关于是否赞同取消文理分科的调查。而网络投票的结果,很明显是一片赞同声。在部分网站,支持取消分科的网友超过了70%。

“作为大学来说,我们最希望中学文理不要分科,否则现在高校拼命推行通识教育,打通文理平台,培养通识人才;而中学则早早地分文理科,顺应高考指挥棒分别培养文理科应试人才,让人感到本末倒置。”记者昨天采访多所高校负责人,他们都对高中取消文理分科明确表态。

不过许多专家也担忧:如果高中教学内容和高考制度没有改变,取消文理分科带来的也许会是更沉重的负担,而不是实现“提高学生的综合素质”这一初衷。

大学校长:取消分科是大势所趋

华东师范大学校长俞立中教授告诉记者,高校的校长们大多数都强烈希望中学文理不要分科,因为“我们要培养的是具有人文素养和科学精神的综合素质高的人才,而现在中学的文理分科,直接导致文科人才和理科人才两方面同时缺失。”

另一所名牌大学负责学生培养的副校长也认为,文科和理科分割开,对于学生的长远发展非常不利,尤其不利于培养创新人才。但他同时也坦言,如果高考的指挥棒不变,取消文理分科很难真正起到培养高素质人才的作用。因为对于大多数学生来说,高考的分数仍然是他们高中三年唯一追求的目标。他说,这两年试行的高校自主招生规模逐年扩大,选拔标准也逐渐被大家接受,这为取消文理分科创造了条件。但是不可否认的是,在没有大规模推广自主招生的前提下取消文理分科,客观上只能增加学生的负担。

中学校长:分不分科是两难选择

“取消文理分科肯定有利于人才培养,但是如果现有的制度不变化,取消文理分科只会带来更多麻烦”,这是上海交通大学附属中学校长徐向东的态度。复旦大学附属中学党委书记王德耀对此也认同,他认为中学取消文理分科是必然的,但如果没有配套措施跟上,很难做到。

徐校长说:“我自己所在的时代,高中没有文理分科之说,但是我们的中学时代对我们一生的影响真的非常大。看看现在的大部分中学生,每天为分数忙到深更半夜,很难想象他们对于中学时代除了做题以外,还有什么值得回忆的东西。”不过他也很坦率地说,如果没有经过仔细的论证和配套措施,那么取消文理分科还不如维持现状。他举了个例子,现在学校的语文、数学、外语等课程,每门都配备20多名教师。由于高考时学生选择考物理和化学的比较多,因此这些课的师资配备也就比较多。一旦取消分科,意味着学校原先的一些小的边缘学科必须大量扩充师资。“如果现有的制度不变化,老师就会争抢学生的课时,这样学生会更累。”

而另一所知名中学校长则直截了当地说,现在的学生在选择学科时都更加具有“技术性”,往往是从往届学生的考分高低来选择学科,而并不是从自己的兴趣出发,因此对于学生来说,如果不改革教学内容和教学方法以及高考制度,取消文理分科只不过是增加了学生必须拿高分的科目,而不是满足了学生全面发展的需求。他建议,取消文理分科,首先要改革考试制度。学生平时要学习所有科目,选择时间参加各个科目的统一测试,而且可以多次考试多次计分,最终成绩纳入高考的考核标准。


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1楼2009-02-12 12:52
    Baton entrance unchanged cancel Cognitio Polyclinic no use
    Date :2009-02-10 Author: Jiang Peng Source: Wen Wei Po
    "Cancellation of Arts and Sciences Division, and that the title of the sea we are now is not to a greater spread it? Is that all high school students have to crowd into subhealth it?" "School is the foundation stage, arts and science subjects are trained only one foot with one hand the people, not in the knowledge on 'sound' of the people "... ... the Ministry of Education on February 6 announced the" 20 major critical issues of education, "a list of question to the people, of which Article VI is "whether to cancel the high school of Arts and Sciences Division." Primary and secondary schools coincided with the new semester, this topic appeared, and immediately becoming a school teacher and parents that hot topic.

    This newspaper started in October last year, has a "high school classes should be selective liberal arts", "liberal arts classes are not" the rationale for poor class "," "Why Arts and Sciences Division under attack," "High School of Arts and triage led to thinking" partial subjects " ? "Was published on the Division of Arts and Sciences reported that at the time led to a society that hot. The reporters found that the Ministry of Education's position just to seek the views of the major site launched agree on the abolition of Arts and Science Division investigation. The Internet voting results, it is evident that the sound of an endorsement. In some sites, in support of abolishing the division of users exceeded 70%.

    "As universities, we very much hope not Polyclinic School of Arts and Sciences, otherwise hard to implement general education colleges and universities now, to break down Cognitio platform to cultivate liberal professionals; and secondary school early to take a single cent from science, culture, respectively, conform to college entrance examination baton science test text talent, the cart before the horse feels. "Yesterday, an interview with reporters in charge of universities, who are high school canceled Cognitio Polyclinic clear.

    But many experts also worry about: If the high school and college entrance examination system, teaching content has not changed, brought about by the abolition of liberal arts subjects may be more a heavy burden, and not realize "improve the overall quality of students," the original intention.

    University: the abolition of division is the general trend

    East China Normal University Vice-Chancellor Professor Yu Li told reporters that the majority of principals of colleges and universities have a strong desire not to Polyclinic School of Arts and Sciences, because "We have to foster that with the scientific spirit and humanistic quality of the overall quality of highly-skilled talents, and now schools of Arts and Sciences Division, a direct result of liberal arts and science professionals both at the same time loss of talent. "

    Responsible for another prestigious university students to consider also the vice president of the liberal arts and science separate, long-term development of the students is very disadvantageous, in particular, is not conducive to cultivating innovative talents. However, he also admitted that if the entrance of the baton change, the abolition of Arts and Science subjects really hard to play a role in cultivating high-quality personnel. Because for most students, the college entrance examination scores of high school three years they are still the only goal. He said that this two-year pilot self-enrollment of students in colleges and universities has expanded each year and the selection criteria have been gradually accepted everyone, which for the lifting of creating the conditions Cognitio Polyclinic. But it is undeniable that, in the absence of large-scale promotion of self-admissions under the premise of the abolition of Arts and Sciences division, an objective can only increase the burden on students.


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    2楼2009-02-12 12:52

      Secondary School: minutes, regardless of Branch is Dilemma

      "Cancel Cognitio Polyclinic has certainly conducive to training, but if the existing system does not change, the abolition of Arts and Science subjects will only bring more trouble", which is Shanghai Jiaotong University Senior College principal Xu Xiangdong attitude. University Senior College王德耀party secretary also agree with him that the cancellation of Arts and Science subjects in secondary schools is inevitable, but if we do not keep up with complementary measures, it is difficult to achieve.

      徐校长said: "I own era, there is no high school of Arts and Sciences Division said, but our high school life for our impact is really very great. Look at most of secondary school students every day for scores of busy middle of the night, it is difficult to imagine them apart from the high school to do other than title, are there any other things worth remembering. "However, he also quite frankly, if there is no argument carefully, and the support measures, then the abolition of Arts and Sciences Division is not as good as the status quo. He cited an example, and now the school language, mathematics, foreign language courses, each door are equipped with more than 20 teachers. As the college entrance examination when the students of physics and chemistry are more, these lessons will be more teaching staff. Once the cancellation of the division, means that small schools in some of the original edge of the need for a substantial expansion of teacher discipline. "If the existing system does not change, teachers will be competition for students in class, so students more tired."

      And another well-known secondary school principals is to put it bluntly, the current students in the choice of subjects are more "technical", often from the previous test at the level of students to choose subjects, rather than starting from its own interest, so the students example, if we do not reform the teaching content and teaching methods as well as the college entrance examination system, the abolition of Arts and Science subjects will merely increase the student must get high marks in subjects, rather than the all-round development of students to meet the demand. He suggested that the abolition of Arts and Science subjects, we must first reform the examination system. Students usually have to study all subjects, to choose the time take part in the unification of all the subjects tested, and repeated examinations can be repeated points


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      3楼2009-02-12 12:52
        厄...大学了,已经从那个时代熬过来了...


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        4楼2009-02-12 13:29
          赶紧取消吧
          那什么啊


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          5楼2009-02-12 13:31