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讨论咏春拳基本拳理。

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为了让自学者,爱好者更好地了解咏春拳。请各位发表看法。本人会综合各位的看法,汲取精华。汇聚成一张贴,方便大家。

咏春拳基本拳理
1、中线原理
2、三角原理
3、发劲原理
4、制敌原理

此是我认为基本拳理。
请各位先为讨论,只因我手机上难发表。先感谢各位无私奉献。贴吧有你们更精彩!





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举报|2楼2011-11-26 13:54
    岑能咏春拳系统简介
    十二散式
    十二散式是的散手练习,为其后的套路及黐手打好基础。亦是岑能咏春独有的散手练习。其名称为:1、偏身捶2、独龙捶3、箭捶4、内摊5、外摊6、内搭7、外搭8、捺内廉9、捺外廉10、三品掌11、扑翼掌12、白鹤寻狐。
    小念头
    咏春拳的基本套路是主拳,是意念拳,顾名思义,念在先,小念者,练头是咏春拳的代表性套路,是练习搏击的基本功,练习小练头是能使基本手法的尺寸定型。通过用意念来推动每一招式,经过长久的练习。便能达到不必用力而以意念推动招式境界,便能得到随心所欲的意念力量,其二字钳阳马是将个人的力量集中朝向目标,「提肛」是令身体与双足合为一体,使双足处于备战状态,等多方面特性,是必须紧记的。而小念头的摊、膀、伏手法,更是用力理论上的精妙结构。这几招手法,均为弓形与曲尺形之间。便是练习者对咏春如何打到精妙,这一念头是非常重要的,因此,练得好,会使你咏春拳基本动作打下扎实的基础,对以后究习各套拳和棍及刀有很大的帮助。
    寻桥
    寻桥是咏春拳的第二套拳法,这套拳的命名便是寻别人的桥,正如俗语谓“无桥问有桥”。它不像小念头一样寸步不移,套路中亦出现了上马及脚法等动作,寻桥通过基本手法的演变配合马步做出各种招式,让学习者体会到整劲的宽弹发放,可以充实学习者的腰、桥、马步的力量,拥有更强的攻击力。寻桥的防御手法较多,主要练习高效能的防御及化被动为主动的方法。这套拳开始练习利用重心点去移动身体,配合招式产生一种很难阻止的双向力量。并是用以横破直、以直破横的道理(以柔制刚)去消解对方攻击,正是以短博长的一套拳。
    标指
    咏春拳的第三套拳法标指是攻击性的,是以反击为主,是长短劲配合,以短促的穿透性刀劲产生强大的破坏力量是最能体现咏春术的霸气,咏标指一般是在基本功相当纯熟以后练习,手法是以指、掌、肘为主。标指,字眼上是说指,在招式上有很多力聚指尖的动作,但是,运用主要的意义在于用肘。标指比起小念头和沉桥的动作幅度都要大,既有贴身近打,又有中距离,远距离的攻击手法;动作组合中招式变化配以马步、腰、桥力的作用,充分发挥出咏春拳特有的威力。
    木人桩
    木人桩法是修习本门最精妙手法,桩法内所有招式均是从小练头、寻桥及标指的动作中结合而成。桩法的目的在于活用三套拳术的理论及招式,同时运用攻击的角度等去发挥个人的力量至其极限。桩法的练习有时间去容许更正自我的弱点,另一方面,亦可以用木桩作为假想敌去创立攻防招式。拳诀云:化桥觅对手,有师更需求;无师无对手,镜与桩中求。木人桩是咏春拳中独有的辅助训练器械之一,它是将咏春拳中常用的所有手法、脚法有机的组合到木人桩法中进行徒手模拟对练,从而提高手法的纯熟运用和人在搏击中本能意识反应,使其在搏击中从习惯动作形成本能条件反射,使桥手硬而不僵、松而不松懈,形曲意直、方圆是力,神圆力方、四方是力、力圆四方,达到实战搏击应用之地步。
    六点半棍
    相传六点半棍法并非咏春拳创立者五枚师太所创,而是由黄华宝用小练头与梁二娣由至善弹师学到的棍法互相传授而得。棍法只有六招半招式,绝对与名称相符。棍法应用意念力及三套拳法的理论及运用技巧。六点半棍长七尺二,是一套很简单的棍法,绝没有无谓或多余的动作。六点半棍招式,分别为:枪、消、沉、两仪、流水、钓鱼、拦。其中有一个招式“枪”算是半招(点),所以称为六点半棍。马步以四平、子午、吊马等为主。练习六点半棍需要有相当咏春功底才能发挥出其威力,正所谓“棍响落地”,杀伤力极大,在传统的咏春拳传授里相当谨慎。一般选徒而授。
    二字钳阳夺命刀
    二字钳阳夺命刀也称八斩刀或蝴蝶双刀,夺命刀是由三套拳法招式融合演变而成。在理论及运用上亦与拳法相同,但唯一不同是利用特别的步法将全身重量输送到双刀之上。这套刀法十分着重手颈的发挥。一般来说,在迎战时通常是一刀用作进攻,而另一刀即用作防守。如遇到重兵器时,则用双刀联防,然后反击。以刀法简洁见称
    黐手
    黐手是咏春拳术高级课程,目的在于训练三套拳术在搏击时的运用技巧,以及训练运用招式技巧并培养桥手巧妙的听角反应及方圆有吸力和有反弹力,从而养成为自然反应的惯性动作。要达到优越的惯性自然反应境界,当然须要严谨地、按部就班地打好基础。黐手练习分为:单黐手、双黐手及自由攻防练习。


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    举报|3楼2011-11-26 14:52

      岑能咏春拳之十二散式
      岑能咏春的“十二散式”是岑能宗师早年得自于佛山咏春大师张保的真传;从张保系咏春拳三十六式短桥手,经多年的实践,结合自身的心得、体会融会贯通,精拣成十二散式将其纳入岑能咏春拳的训练体系中,流传至今。此十二式为咏春拳之入门基本功,是主要练习下桩功夫及基本手法,学习得好坏对今后熟习咏春拳是否成功起着决定性的作用。十二散式虽然是入门基本功,又是实战的应用技术,每一式都包含着数组变化组合,应用时式与式之间还可以相互融通变化无穷,如运用得当亦能稳步制胜,钳阳马乃是对敌中的一个意想不到的法门,不可小视也。
      十二散式:“偏身锤、独龙锤、箭锤;内摊、外摊、捺内廉、捺外廉、内搭手、外搭手、三品掌、扑翼掌、白鹤寻狐。
      岑能咏春的训练体系,除三套拳、桩、刀、棍外,以十二式为主体的一系列散式的训练、对练亦放在十分重要的位置,其在接`发手、防冲击、长桥搏短桥,以及训练与实战之间起着十分重要的桥梁作用。
      十二式,结构紧密、包含了很多咏春拳的基本原理,入门的时候都需花时间去适应这一过程,一旦适应了这一阶段,以后的搏击训练就可以得心应手,显示出扎实的功底,十二式的训练目的:
      一、是通过反复出拳、站立、转马和上步(训练)去建立身体的结构,将身体的肌肉、关节、劲道打通(去拙力、练肘底力、体悟整劲的途径属易筋骨的方法);
      二、是训练手部动作循环和变化,是中途截取(对方动作)和改变(对方动作)的主要功具;
      三、是结合感觉和技巧的训练;
      十二式散式与咏春拳三套经典的拳套,作为整个咏春拳的训练系统,与套路具有同样重要的价值。十二式是实战中从离桥黏打过度到黏桥黏打的桥梁,对提高黏桥黏打的技巧和效果,有着莫大的帮助。对于那些无时间深造咏春拳的朋友,学好十二式,亦足可以达到防身御敌的功效。


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      举报|4楼2011-11-26 14:56
        咏春拳歌
        咏春拳法自成家,法度森严忌浮夸;
        师传身授勤苦练,师传破敌传佳话;
        问手摊出审敌势,远如观花近发招;
        任他龙腾与虎跃,我自安然乐逍遥;
        出手疾如流星闪,脚起无形似飞箭;
        上必埋午下钳阳,确保身形无漏偏;
        黏敌手桥是关键,知觉敏锐握先机;
        借力打力凭巧劲,四两拨化千斤力;
        先发制敌有玄机,后发先至藏奥秘;
        一招得手莫停留,连环逼打要紧记;
        点点心法不含糊,着着招式要分清;
        一线之差隔天涯,半点疏懒定淘汰;
        若能谨记此直言,他朝必获笈中秘;
        妙法法中生妙法,奇功功上建奇功;
        咏春真艺最难寻,更兼宗枝与品流;
        相逢不是善良辈,纵有千金不传留;
        尊师敬业年复年,心诚志坚成大器;
        方寸之内起风雷,若年悟性加勤奋;
        教汝何能不心折,犹如大海一孤舟。


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        举报|5楼2011-11-26 14:59
          咏春十二字诀
          十二字诀是法门,道尽本门法理劲。
          摊字宜将身后仰,配合中拳取敌喉。
          截伏拳意为诸封,身乘敌势意相从。
          沉者宽弹为长劲,劲长势长意更长。
          标指轻灵随机转,还魂手法应无穷。
          吞者吸纳为空劲,任他来势胜如牛。
          切劲螺旋入敌骨,势势必迎敌劲截。
          偷漏法门半变手,含机度势步中求。
          粘摩劲讲不丢顶,舍己从人自然通。
          烫荡势如长江水,滚滚浩瀚趋前浪。


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          举报|6楼2011-11-26 15:01
            精前留名


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            举报|来自掌上百度7楼2011-11-26 16:18
              支持!!!对我们自学者太有用了


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              举报|8楼2011-11-26 17:08
                问手摊出审敌势,远如观花近发招;
                任他龙腾与虎跃,我自安然乐逍遥;


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                举报|9楼2011-11-26 18:03
                  楼上几位的回帖没有抓住楼主的意思。
                  楼主是想给初学者列个提纲,总体步骤。

                  1.中线理论
                  2.以手为主
                  3.连消带打
                  4.近打快攻


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                  举报|10楼2011-11-26 21:59
                    听说来玩的都领了T豆! 贴吧用户专享福利,你领了么?
                    • 商业推广
                    某位童鞋,这个帖子不用顶了。


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                    举报|11楼2011-11-27 21:22
                      但是他发的那些不是也可以给自学者活多或少一些参考,从而达到“让自学者,爱好者更好地了解咏春拳”吗?


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                      举报|12楼2011-11-27 23:50



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                        举报|14楼2011-11-30 21:39
                          犀利哥 威风不减当年啊


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                          举报|16楼2011-12-02 11:02
                            吧主发起话题却再无发言,咏春的拳理很多可以借鉴太极、形意的,内家拳很多相通,不过对于初学或自学者来说看再多的拳论都没用,因为你没经过咏春这门拳术系统的训练,对咏春认识不深或根本就不知道咏春为何物,只是在网上看看视频,看看凌乱的帖子,就认为咏春只有三套不复杂的套路,自学起来也不难就认为可以学会咏春。任何一门传统的拳术单看套路是学不会的,你根本不知道套路所作动作的作用、要求、含义,真传一句话,悟性不到,没人点,练习的程度不达到那个阶段,看拳论只会让人越看越乱,咏春也是一门讲究缘分的拳术,没缘分、没条件还是老老实实在本地找个师傅认真学习一门拳术。


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                            举报|17楼2011-12-02 22:07



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                              举报|18楼2011-12-03 01:56
                                先回帖,在慢慢领悟看哈


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                                举报|20楼2011-12-03 11:51
                                  来留去送:人家来了,要留他吃饭,人家走的时候,要去送他。
                                  甩手直冲:过去的事过去就过去了,不要纠结,要记住自己的目标,直向目标而去。
                                  拳理,也是生活的道理阿,所谓大道唯一。心性上的养成,占很重要的位置呵!
                                  单单手法和技术,是小道了。


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                                  举报|22楼2011-12-07 12:29
                                    不过我一直不懂,叶系中有一句话:大闪侧,小俯仰, 小闪侧,大俯仰。何解啰?
                                    有没有好人指点一下。


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                                    举报|23楼2011-12-07 12:31
                                      如果说这句是叶系的,就妹仔大过主人婆啦


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                                      举报|24楼2011-12-08 10:13
                                        顶里面貌似没提木人桩法


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                                        举报|来自手机贴吧25楼2011-12-09 01:17



                                          What is Chi Sau?
                                          The word Chi Sao is a Cantonese expression which means in English "sticking hands". It is a name given to the exercise practiced by Wing Chun students to develop sensitivity in the arms, drill basics, develop a central elbow position, concentrate energy forward along the centre line, build co-ordination and develop powerful reflex reactions. With the arms remaining in contact during the exercise, students learn to fight at very close range with very efficient movements. Chi Sao can be divided into several parts.

                                          What is Dan Chi Sau?
                                          Single sticking hands is an exercise which requires the student to maintain contact with one hand and perform the movements from the Sil Lum Tao form (Tan Sao, Bong Sao, Fook Sao, Vertcal plam), training basic attack and defence movements.

                                          What is Lok Sau?
                                          This is the next stage where the student learns to maintain constant contact and relaxed pressure with both arms in a rolling action.








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                                          What is Gor Sau?
                                          This stage is more combat orientated while starting from the rolling drill. Students attack either in turns or at will, with each trying to gain advantage over the other. Or counter attacking by learning to deflect, redirect, defend against each other and attack in the most efficient manner. This can be made harder by introducing kicking or by practicing blind folded.

                                          What is Lap Sau?
                                          Lap Sau means "deflecting hands" and is an exercise generally practised about the time a student begins to learn Chum Kui form which helps to improve the reflexes by teaching a student to release pressure on the arms and to counter immediately. It is practiced while standing in what is called a side stance. It is a continually flowing drill changing from one side to the other. Once the student has learned the basic drill; attacking and defence movements are added.






                                          What is the "Four Corners" drill?
                                          The Four Corners are zones, which we aim to defend. If we divide the body vertically in half along the centreline and then horizontally at the waist we can define four zones or corners:
                                          upper right corner, upper left corner, lower right corner, and lower left corner.

                                          To defend the upper corners we use combinations of basic attaking and deflection hand techniques.
                                          To defend the lower corners we use both our hands and legs depending on the height and type of attack. We always try to avoid defending outside the Four Corners beyond the extremes of the body.
                                          These ideas are practiced in our Four Corners drill.


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                                          举报|26楼2011-12-11 15:51

                                            What is the centre line?
                                            The centre line refers to the vertical axis dividing your body in half or your opponents body in half. This line extends forward from your body. The majority of Wing Chun techniques originates and travels along the centre line. The centre line is the quickest route between you and your opponent or straightest line between A to B.











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                                            What is the fixed elbow position?
                                            The fixed elbow position refers to the Wing Chun theory of always keeping the elbow a fist away from the body and as close to the centre line as possible. If the elbow maintains this position (with the rear hand always near by) all defensive and attaking techniques will be easier to perform and the body well guarded. Note the elbow does not always have to be exactly in the centre as long as it is not against the body, and the forearm is in the centre. (The above idea applies specifically to the front hand position.)

                                            What is Pak Sau?
                                            This is a drill some times called slapping block. The drill is performed with a partner and is used to instil a sense of timing. And to develop attacking and counter attacking skills.





                                            WSL Wing Chun Terminology courtesy of David Peterson

                                            Siu Nim Tau - (First Form) "Young Idea"
                                            Cham Kiu - (Second Form) "Seeking/Finding The Bridge"
                                            Biu Ji - (Third Form) "Pointing Fingers"
                                            Muk Yan Jong - "Wooden Dummy" Form
                                            Luk Dim Boon Gwan - "6.5 Point Pole" Form
                                            Baat Jaam Do - "Eight Slashing/Cutting Knives" Form
                                            Yi Ji Kim Yeung Ma - "Character Two Goat Gripping (Basic) Stance"
                                            Saam Gok Ma - "Triangular Advancing/Retreating Stance"
                                            Saam Gok Bo - "Triangular Advancing/Retreating Footwork"
                                            Dui Gok Ma - "Side-facing Stance"
                                            Juen Ma - "Pivoting/Turning Footwork"
                                            Seung Ma - "Forward Attacking Footwork"
                                            Tui Ma - "Defensive (Side-stepping) Footwork"
                                            Yat Ji Kuen - "Sun-character (Basic Vertical) Fist/Punch"
                                            Taan Sau - "Spreading-hand" Deflection
                                            Fook Sau - "Subduing-hand" Deflection
                                            Bong Sau - "Upper-arm" Deflection
                                            Huen Sau - "Circling-hand" Deflection
                                            Wu Sau - "Guarding-hand" Deflection
                                            Paak Sau - "Slapping-hand" Deflection
                                            Jing Jeung - "Standing (vertical) Palm-strike"
                                            Waang Jeung - "Lying (horizontal) Palm-strike"
                                            Soh Sau - "Pressing Palm" Deflection
                                            Fak Sau - "Whisking/Whipping Hand" Attack
                                            Lan Sau - "Barrier-arm" Deflection
                                            Jam Sau - "Sinking-arm" Deflection
                                            Jat Sau - "Jerking/Dragging/Obstructing-hand" Deflection
                                            Biu Sau - "Thrusting/Spearing-hand" Attack
                                            Naat Sau - "Pressing-down/Extinguishing" Deflection
                                            Daan Sau - "Rebounding-hand" Deflection
                                            Gaan Sau - "Splitting/Dividing-hand" Deflection
                                            Che Jeung - "Slanting/Descending Palm-strike"
                                            Dai Jeung - "Underneath/Lifting-palm" Deflection
                                            Senk Sau - "Scraping/Shaving-hand" Deflection
                                            Dang Geuk - "Ascending (Basic Heel) Kick"
                                            Waang Geuk - "Horizontal (Side) Kick"
                                            Chi Sau - "Sticky-hands" Exercise
                                            Chi Geuk - "Sticky-legs" Exercise
                                            Luk Sau/Poon Sau - "Rolling-hands" Exercise
                                            Daan (Chi) Sau - "Single-hand" Chi Sau Exercise
                                            Seung (Chi) Sau - "Double-hand" Chi Sau Exercise
                                            Gwoh Sau - "Free-attack" Chi Sau Exercise
                                            Laap Sau - "Warding-off/Deflecting-hands" Exercise
                                            Lat Sau Jik Chung - "Constant Forward Springy-energy" Concept
                                            Chiu Ying - "Square-on/Facing" Concept
                                            Jui Ying - "Chasing" Concept
                                            _____________________________________________________________
                                            Wing Chun is not about this technique, that stance or those combinations;
                                            it's about applying logical concepts in a totally adaptable way to whatever situation confronts us.



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                                            举报|27楼2011-12-11 15:51
                                              我说看你眼熟呢~都从海吧潜伏过来的 哈哈


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                                              举报|29楼2011-12-11 22:53
                                                有啥自学视屏推一荐哈


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                                                举报|来自手机贴吧31楼2011-12-13 09:51
                                                  有啥自学视屏推一荐哈


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                                                  举报|来自手机贴吧32楼2011-12-13 09:51